How to Write References for a Research Paper Using the APA Style

The APA style format outlines different reference and in-text citations for different sources as well as for sources with a different number of authors for each source. For example: there is a different way to format a printed book reference compared to an online government document with no author. There is a different way to reference a peer reviewed article with one author compared to one with six authors. You can find all of the information on every possible type of source you might use on the APA guidelines site. For now there is an example below of some APA references for a research paper:


Bartrim, Söhnke M., Gregory W. Brown, and Frank R. Fehle. "Worldwide Evidence on Usage of Financial Hedges." Financial Management 38.1 (2009): 185-206. Print.

Berkmink, Henk, Michael E. Bradry, and Steph Maegan. "A Local Comparison of Hedges Use." Financial Management 26.4 (1997): 69-73. Print.

Boding, Gordon M., and Joe Gebhardt. "Numerical Usage in Risk Management by US and British Non-Financial Firms: A Comparative Survey." Journal of International Financial Management and Accounting 10.3 (1999): 153-87. Print.

Boumloa, Makrem. "Alternatives in OTC Pricing." Hedge Funds Review (2009): 10-30. Print.

Clark, Ethan, and Amrit Judge. "Local Currency Hedges versus Local Currency Debt and the Hedging Premium." European Financial Management 15.3 (2009): 606-42. Print.

Clark, Ephram, and John Smith. "The Determinants of Local Currency Hedging: Does Local Currency Debt Induce a Bias?" European Financial Management 14.3 (2008): 445-69. Print.

Clark, Edward, and Salma Mefteh. "Local Currency Hedges Use, Firm Value, and the Effect of the Exposure Profile: Evidence from France." International Journal of Business 15.2 (2010): 183-96. Print.

Gatopulos, George, and Henri Loberge. "Firms' Use of Local Currency Hedges Under the Threat of Currency Crises: The Case of Latin America." (2007): 1-55. Print.

Grezy, Christopher, Bernadete A. Minton, and Catharine Schand. "Why Firms Use Currency Hedges." The Journal of Finance 52.4 (1997): 1323-354. Print.

Liu, Shinha. "Currency Hedges and Exchange Rate Forecastability by Shinhua Liu." Financial Analyists Journal 63.4 (2007): 72-78. Print.

Miler, John D., and Jeffory J. Reuter. "Firm Strategy and Economic Exposure to Local Exchange Rate Movements." Palgrave Macmillan Journals 29.3 (1998): 493-513. Print.

Rey, Helen. "International Trade and Currency Exchange." The Review of Economic Studies 68.2 (2001): 443-64. Print.

Wall, Christopher J., and Elizabeth S. Curtis. "Currency Restrictions, Government Transaction Policies and Currency Exchange." Economic Theory 21.1 (2003): 19-42. Print.